2016 Census QuickStats

Australia Victoria Urban Centres and Localities

Melbourne

Code UCL201001 (UCL) Search for a Community Profile
People 4,196,198
Male 49%
Female 51%
Median age 36
Families 1,084,106
Average children per family
for families with children 1.8
for all families 0.8
All private dwellings 1,718,450
Average people per household 2.7
Median weekly household income $1,546
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,831
Median weekly rent $351
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Male 2,056,095 49.0 2,908,077 49.1 11,546,638 49.3
Female 2,140,106 51.0 3,018,549 50.9 11,855,248 50.7
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 20,790 0.5 47,788 0.8 649,171 2.8

In the 2016 Census, there were 4,196,198 people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities). Of these 49.0% were male and 51.0% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.5% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median age 36 -- 37 -- 38 --
0-4 years 267,976 6.4 371,220 6.3 1,464,779 6.3
5-9 years 258,159 6.2 368,631 6.2 1,502,646 6.4
10-14 years 234,434 5.6 341,063 5.8 1,397,183 6.0
15-19 years 249,943 6.0 356,340 6.0 1,421,595 6.1
20-24 years 316,127 7.5 413,792 7.0 1,566,793 6.7
25-29 years 345,414 8.2 441,266 7.4 1,664,602 7.1
30-34 years 350,286 8.3 447,927 7.6 1,703,847 7.3
35-39 years 307,505 7.3 404,026 6.8 1,561,679 6.7
40-44 years 293,633 7.0 401,887 6.8 1,583,257 6.8
45-49 years 286,330 6.8 402,043 6.8 1,581,455 6.8
50-54 years 259,255 6.2 378,371 6.4 1,523,551 6.5
55-59 years 236,031 5.6 357,616 6.0 1,454,332 6.2
60-64 years 203,144 4.8 319,840 5.4 1,299,397 5.6
65-69 years 181,054 4.3 291,397 4.9 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 136,472 3.3 218,203 3.7 887,716 3.8
75-79 years 106,181 2.5 165,115 2.8 652,657 2.8
80-84 years 78,995 1.9 119,895 2.0 460,549 2.0
85 years and over 85,254 2.0 127,993 2.2 486,842 2.1

The median age of people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.1% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.0% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Married 1,656,065 48.2 2,344,107 48.4 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 95,836 2.8 146,493 3.0 608,059 3.2
Divorced 252,183 7.3 382,544 7.9 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 163,868 4.8 251,674 5.2 985,204 5.2
Never married 1,267,666 36.9 1,720,887 35.5 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) aged 15 years and over, 48.2% were married and 10.1% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Registered marriage 1,468,529 47.4 2,060,766 47.8 8,001,141 47.7
De facto marriage 290,053 9.4 422,258 9.8 1,751,731 10.4
Not married 1,339,982 43.2 1,830,228 42.4 7,024,973 41.9

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of people aged 15 years and over, 47.4% of people were in a registered marriage and 9.4% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Preschool 68,098 5.2 94,970 5.2 347,621 4.8
Primary - Government 218,876 16.6 313,881 17.2 1,314,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 69,830 5.3 102,778 5.6 380,604 5.3
Primary - other non Government 38,989 3.0 52,041 2.8 231,490 3.2
Secondary - Government 138,592 10.5 201,166 11.0 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 59,455 4.5 88,999 4.9 338,384 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 56,096 4.2 73,973 4.0 280,618 3.9
Technical or further education institution 76,124 5.8 103,685 5.7 424,869 5.9
University or tertiary institution 278,693 21.1 325,051 17.8 1,160,626 16.1
Other 47,500 3.6 59,498 3.3 198,383 2.8
Not stated 267,781 20.3 413,199 22.6 1,707,023 23.7

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 31.5% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 24.8% were in primary school, 19.3% in secondary school and 26.9% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Bachelor Degree level and above 972,459 28.3 1,177,540 24.3 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 325,230 9.5 447,023 9.2 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 88,490 2.6 138,313 2.9 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 334,354 9.7 555,583 11.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 597,929 17.4 772,461 15.9 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 185,211 5.4 298,342 6.2 941,531 4.9
Year 10 224,663 6.5 376,237 7.8 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 1,779 0.1 3,233 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 368 0.0 542 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 273,838 8.0 430,152 8.9 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 42,512 1.2 48,920 1.0 145,844 0.8
Not stated 307,564 9.0 482,823 10.0 1,974,794 10.4

Of people aged 15 and over in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 17.4% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 12.3% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 9.5% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

2011 benchmarks are not available for this data item.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Respondents had the option of reporting two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of total reported ancestry responses in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), and therefore the total responses count will not equal the persons count.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Australia 2,462,796 58.7 3,845,493 64.9 15,614,835 66.7
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 2,004,668 47.8 2,283,741 38.5 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 267,450 6.4 365,528 6.2 1,488,092 6.4
Mother only born overseas 191,238 4.6 259,832 4.4 1,094,591 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 1,469,396 35.0 2,611,265 44.1 11,070,538 47.3

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 35.0% of people had both parents born in Australia and 47.8% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Worked full-time 1,233,494 58.0 1,670,556 57.0 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 649,999 30.6 920,875 31.4 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 96,783 4.6 144,696 4.9 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 145,571 6.8 193,465 6.6 787,452 6.9

There were 2,125,847 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities). Of these 58.0% were employed full time, 30.6% were employed part-time and 6.8% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
1-15 hours per week 231,310 11.7 329,396 12.0 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 205,760 10.4 286,191 10.5 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 212,936 10.8 305,282 11.2 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 382,559 19.3 511,004 18.7 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 850,934 43.0 1,159,551 42.4 4,591,801 43.0

Of employed people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 11.7% worked 1 to 15 hours, 10.4% worked 16 to 24 hours and 43.0% worked 40 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Personal 674 -- 644 -- 662 --
Family 1,834 -- 1,715 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,546 -- 1,419 -- 1,438 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was $674.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 2,337,275 68.0 3,315,451 68.4 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 937,661 27.3 1,329,164 27.4 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 384,943 11.2 560,866 11.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 601,460 17.5 931,546 19.2 3,620,726 19.0

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of people aged 15 years and over, 68.0% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 27.3% provided care for children and 11.2% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 17.5% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than 5 hours per week 846,346 24.6 1,130,813 23.3 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 868,337 25.3 1,232,398 25.4 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 355,081 10.3 535,249 11.0 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 267,514 7.8 416,986 8.6 1,710,970 9.0

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 25.3% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.3% worked 15 to 29 hours and 7.8% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Couple family without children 373,438 34.4 559,717 36.5 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 525,687 48.5 709,965 46.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 162,762 15.0 234,596 15.3 959,543 15.8
Other family 22,218 2.0 27,800 1.8 102,559 1.7

Of the families in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 48.5% were couple families with children, 34.4% were couple families without children and 15.0% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Male -- 17.4 -- 17.8 -- 18.2
Female -- 82.6 -- 82.2 -- 81.8

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 17.4% of single parents were male and 82.6% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both employed, worked full-time 197,915 22.0 265,107 20.9 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 35,579 4.0 52,749 4.2 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 201,933 22.5 291,419 23.0 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 149,686 16.6 198,294 15.6 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 54,690 6.1 77,946 6.1 302,037 6.0
Both not working 165,636 18.4 247,456 19.5 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 45,362 5.0 67,309 5.3 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 48,332 5.4 69,393 5.5 311,381 6.2

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of couple families with children, 22.0% had both partners employed full-time, 4.0% had both employed part-time and 22.5% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles internet connection

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 1,477,842 90.4 2,112,699 88.3 8,286,073 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 156,535 9.6 278,629 11.7 1,039,874 11.2

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 90.4% of private dwellings were occupied and 9.6% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Separate house 978,483 66.2 1,546,945 73.2 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 259,327 17.5 300,918 14.2 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 229,879 15.6 246,040 11.6 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 5,741 0.4 11,093 0.5 64,425 0.8

Of occupied private dwellings in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 66.2% were separate houses, 17.5% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 15.6% were flat or apartments and 0.4% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None (includes bedsitters) 6,516 0.4 8,279 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 88,207 6.0 107,356 5.1 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 310,968 21.0 407,620 19.3 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 618,943 41.9 930,257 44.0 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 419,150 28.4 608,502 28.8 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 34,052 2.3 50,691 2.4 198,351 2.4
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.7 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of occupied private dwellings 6.0% had 1 bedroom, 21.0% had 2 bedrooms and 41.9% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.7 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Owned outright 448,271 30.3 682,685 32.3 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 522,783 35.4 746,502 35.3 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 454,883 30.8 607,354 28.7 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 12,199 0.8 17,178 0.8 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 39,711 2.7 58,983 2.8 224,869 2.7

Of occupied private dwellings in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 30.3% were owned outright, 35.4% were owned with a mortgage and 30.8% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Family households 1,054,074 71.3 1,495,290 70.8 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 346,965 23.5 521,828 24.7 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 76,804 5.2 95,588 4.5 354,917 4.3

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of all households, 71.3% were family households, 23.5% were single person households and 5.2% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 18.5 -- 20.3 -- 20.0
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 18.1 -- 15.5 -- 16.4

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 18.5% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 18.1% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median rent 351 -- 325 -- 335 --
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 88.7 -- 89.6 -- 88.5
Households with rent payments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 11.3 -- 10.4 -- 11.5

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,831 -- 1,728 -- 1,755 --
Households where mortgage repayments are less than 30% of household income -- 92.0 -- 92.5 -- 92.8
Households with mortgage repayments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 8.0 -- 7.5 -- 7.2

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None 134,539 9.1 166,061 7.9 623,829 7.5
1 motor vehicle 522,407 35.3 722,675 34.2 2,881,485 34.8
2 motor vehicles 537,778 36.4 776,286 36.7 2,999,184 36.2
3 or more vehicles 236,330 16.0 374,426 17.7 1,496,382 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 46,785 3.2 73,257 3.5 285,197 3.4

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 35.3% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.4% had two registered motor vehicles and 16.0% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwellings — internet connection
Dwelling internet connection Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 173,475 11.7 287,506 13.6 1,172,415 14.1
Internet accessed from dwelling 1,265,821 85.7 1,768,050 83.7 6,892,165 83.2
Not stated 38,542 2.6 57,157 2.7 221,494 2.7

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 85.7% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Male 10,344 49.8 23,622 49.4 322,171 49.6
Female 10,445 50.2 24,159 50.6 326,996 50.4
Median age 25 -- 23 -- 23 --

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 49.8% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 50.2% were female. The median age was 25 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Average number of people per household 3 -- 3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- 1 -- 1 --
Median weekly household income 1,436 -- 1,200 -- 1,203 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,436.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median weekly rent 330 -- 261 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,517 -- 1,660 --

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $330 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 23/10/2017

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 23 October 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census