2016 Census QuickStats

Australia Victoria Greater Capital City Statistical Areas

Greater Melbourne

Code 2GMEL (GCCSA) Search for a Community Profile
People 4,485,211
Male 49%
Female 51%
Median age 36
Families 1,161,643
Average children per family
for families with children 1.8
for all families 0.8
All private dwellings 1,832,043
Average people per household 2.7
Median weekly household income $1,542
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,800
Median weekly rent $350
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Male 2,199,597 49.0 2,908,077 49.1 11,546,638 49.3
Female 2,285,616 51.0 3,018,549 50.9 11,855,248 50.7
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 24,062 0.5 47,788 0.8 649,171 2.8

In the 2016 Census, there were 4,485,211 people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas). Of these 49.0% were male and 51.0% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.5% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median age 36 -- 37 -- 38 --
0-4 years 287,178 6.4 371,220 6.3 1,464,779 6.3
5-9 years 278,506 6.2 368,631 6.2 1,502,646 6.4
10-14 years 254,017 5.7 341,063 5.8 1,397,183 6.0
15-19 years 269,015 6.0 356,340 6.0 1,421,595 6.1
20-24 years 333,367 7.4 413,792 7.0 1,566,793 6.7
25-29 years 362,435 8.1 441,266 7.4 1,664,602 7.1
30-34 years 367,913 8.2 447,927 7.6 1,703,847 7.3
35-39 years 325,319 7.3 404,026 6.8 1,561,679 6.7
40-44 years 313,768 7.0 401,887 6.8 1,583,257 6.8
45-49 years 307,580 6.9 402,043 6.8 1,581,455 6.8
50-54 years 279,728 6.2 378,371 6.4 1,523,551 6.5
55-59 years 255,824 5.7 357,616 6.0 1,454,332 6.2
60-64 years 221,078 4.9 319,840 5.4 1,299,397 5.6
65-69 years 197,002 4.4 291,397 4.9 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 147,281 3.3 218,203 3.7 887,716 3.8
75-79 years 112,832 2.5 165,115 2.8 652,657 2.8
80-84 years 83,219 1.9 119,895 2.0 460,549 2.0
85 years and over 89,151 2.0 127,993 2.2 486,842 2.1

The median age of people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.3% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.0% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Married 1,772,724 48.4 2,344,107 48.4 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 103,965 2.8 146,493 3.0 608,059 3.2
Divorced 272,040 7.4 382,544 7.9 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 173,566 4.7 251,674 5.2 985,204 5.2
Never married 1,343,230 36.6 1,720,887 35.5 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) aged 15 years and over, 48.4% were married and 10.3% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Registered marriage 1,572,151 47.6 2,060,766 47.8 8,001,141 47.7
De facto marriage 313,250 9.5 422,258 9.8 1,751,731 10.4
Not married 1,418,739 42.9 1,830,228 42.4 7,024,973 41.9

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of people aged 15 years and over, 47.6% of people were in a registered marriage and 9.5% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Preschool 73,041 5.2 94,970 5.2 347,621 4.8
Primary - Government 237,135 16.8 313,881 17.2 1,314,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 74,785 5.3 102,778 5.6 380,604 5.3
Primary - other non Government 41,862 3.0 52,041 2.8 231,490 3.2
Secondary - Government 149,913 10.6 201,166 11.0 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 64,045 4.5 88,999 4.9 338,384 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 60,099 4.3 73,973 4.0 280,618 3.9
Technical or further education institution 80,857 5.7 103,685 5.7 424,869 5.9
University or tertiary institution 287,125 20.4 325,051 17.8 1,160,626 16.1
Other 49,898 3.5 59,498 3.3 198,383 2.8
Not stated 289,156 20.5 413,199 22.6 1,707,023 23.7

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 31.4% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 25.1% were in primary school, 19.5% in secondary school and 26.1% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Respondents had the option of reporting two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of total reported ancestry responses in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), and therefore the total responses count will not equal the persons count.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Australia 2,684,072 59.8 3,845,493 64.9 15,614,835 66.7
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 2,072,066 46.2 2,283,741 38.5 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 288,560 6.4 365,528 6.2 1,488,092 6.4
Mother only born overseas 206,204 4.6 259,832 4.4 1,094,591 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 1,634,121 36.4 2,611,265 44.1 11,070,538 47.3

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 36.4% of people had both parents born in Australia and 46.2% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment - Released October 2017
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Worked full-time
Worked part-time
Away from work
Unemployed
Total in labour force -- -- --

There were people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas). Of these % were employed full time, % were employed part-time and % were unemployed.

Available Oct 2017
Employment - hours worked - Released October 2017
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
1-15 hours per week
16-24 hours per week
25-34 hours per week
35-39 hours per week
40 hours or more per week

Of employed people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), % worked 1 to 15 hours, % worked 16 to 24 hours and % worked 40 hours or more.

Median age by employment status - Released October 2017
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed full-time -- -- --
Employed part-time -- -- --

The median age of people employed full-time in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was years and for people who were employed part-time was years.

Occupation - Released October 2017
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Industry of employment, top responses - Released October 2017
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Personal 673 -- 644 -- 662 --
Family 1,826 -- 1,715 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,542 -- 1,419 -- 1,438 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was $673.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses - Released October 2017
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 2,500,489 68.2 3,315,451 68.4 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 1,009,000 27.5 1,329,164 27.4 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 413,611 11.3 560,866 11.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 645,439 17.6 931,546 19.2 3,620,726 19.0

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of people aged 15 years and over, 68.2% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 27.5% provided care for children and 11.3% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 17.6% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than 5 hours per week 896,253 24.5 1,130,813 23.3 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 928,683 25.3 1,232,398 25.4 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 383,944 10.5 535,249 11.0 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 291,605 8.0 416,986 8.6 1,710,970 9.0

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 25.3% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.5% worked 15 to 29 hours and 8.0% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition weekly incomes employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Couple family without children 400,693 34.5 559,717 36.5 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 563,155 48.5 709,965 46.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 174,769 15.0 234,596 15.3 959,543 15.8
Other family 23,028 2.0 27,800 1.8 102,559 1.7

Of the families in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 48.5% were couple families with children, 34.5% were couple families without children and 15.0% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Male -- 17.6 -- 17.8 -- 18.2
Female -- 82.4 -- 82.2 -- 81.8

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 17.6% of single parents were male and 82.4% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes - Released October 2017 Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Families without children -- -- --
Families with children -- -- --
 

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $ and those without children was $.

This table uses Labour Force Status of Parents/Partners in Families (LFSF) to report the median family income of couple families with 2 incomes. This data will be available from October 2017.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families - Released October 2017
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both employed, worked full-time
Both employed, worked part-time
One employed full-time, one part-time
One employed full-time, other not working
One employed part-time, other not working
Both not working
Other
Labour force status not stated

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of couple families with children, % had both partners employed full-time, % had both employed part-time and % had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles internet connection

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 1,574,484 90.4 2,112,699 88.3 8,286,073 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 167,500 9.6 278,629 11.7 1,039,874 11.2

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 90.4% of private dwellings were occupied and 9.6% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Separate house 1,067,637 67.8 1,546,945 73.2 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 264,404 16.8 300,918 14.2 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 231,297 14.7 246,040 11.6 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 6,400 0.4 11,093 0.5 64,425 0.8

Of occupied private dwellings in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 67.8% were separate houses, 16.8% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 14.7% were flat or apartments and 0.4% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None (includes bedsitters) 6,732 0.4 8,279 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 90,018 5.7 107,356 5.1 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 319,669 20.3 407,620 19.3 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 662,460 42.1 930,257 44.0 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 459,373 29.2 608,502 28.8 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 36,215 2.3 50,691 2.4 198,351 2.4
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.7 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of occupied private dwellings 5.7% had 1 bedroom, 20.3% had 2 bedrooms and 42.1% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.7 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Owned outright 479,374 30.4 682,685 32.3 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 567,574 36.0 746,502 35.3 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 472,462 30.0 607,354 28.7 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 12,777 0.8 17,178 0.8 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 42,294 2.7 58,983 2.8 224,869 2.7

Of occupied private dwellings in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 30.4% were owned outright, 36.0% were owned with a mortgage and 30.0% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Family households 1,129,553 71.7 1,495,290 70.8 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 366,005 23.2 521,828 24.7 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 78,913 5.0 95,588 4.5 354,917 4.3

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of all households, 71.7% were family households, 23.2% were single person households and 5.0% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 18.4 -- 20.3 -- 20.0
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 17.9 -- 15.5 -- 16.4

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 18.4% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 17.9% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median rent 350 -- 325 -- 335 --
Households with rent payments less than 30% of household income -- 89.0 -- 89.6 -- 88.5
Households with rent payments greater than 30% of household income -- 11.0 -- 10.4 -- 11.5

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,800 -- 1,728 -- 1,755 --
Households where mortgage repayments are less than 30% of household income -- 91.9 -- 92.5 -- 92.8
Households with mortgage repayments greater than 30% of household income -- 8.1 -- 7.5 -- 7.2

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None 137,311 8.7 166,061 7.9 623,829 7.5
1 motor vehicle 546,747 34.7 722,675 34.2 2,881,485 34.8
2 motor vehicles 576,152 36.6 776,286 36.7 2,999,184 36.2
3 or more vehicles 264,077 16.8 374,426 17.7 1,496,382 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 50,187 3.2 73,257 3.5 285,197 3.4

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 34.7% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.6% had two registered motor vehicles and 16.8% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwellings — internet connection
Dwelling internet connection Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 185,067 11.8 287,506 13.6 1,172,415 14.1
Internet accessed from dwelling 1,348,449 85.6 1,768,050 83.7 6,892,165 83.2
Not stated 40,960 2.6 57,157 2.7 221,494 2.7

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 85.6% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Male 11,933 49.6 23,622 49.4 322,171 49.6
Female 12,136 50.4 24,159 50.6 326,996 50.4
Median age 24 -- 23 -- 23 --

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 49.6% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 50.4% were female. The median age was 24 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Average number of people per household 3 -- 3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- 1 -- 1 --
Median weekly household income 1,433 -- 1,200 -- 1,203 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,433.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median weekly rent 321 -- 261 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,517 -- 1,660 --

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $321 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 27/06/2017

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 27 June 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census