2016 Census QuickStats

Australia New South Wales Australia

Australia

Code 036 (AUST) Search for a Community Profile
People 23,401,892
Male 49.3%
Female 50.7%
Median age 38
Families 6,070,316
Average children per family
for families with children 1.8
for all families 0.8
All private dwellings 9,901,496
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,438
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,755
Median weekly rent $335
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.8

QuickStats Search

Loading map...
Each of the sections below is expandable. Select once to expand the section and display the hidden content. Select again to collapse the section and hide the content. To access the hidden content within each section, select the section to display the content, then use arrow keys to navigate down to the expanded content.

Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Australia % 2011 %
Male 11,546,638 49.3 10,634,012 49.4
Female 11,855,248 50.7 10,873,706 50.6
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 649,171 2.8 548,368 2.5

In the 2016 Census, there were 23,401,892 people in Australia. Of these 49.3% were male and 50.7% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.8% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Australia % 2011 %
Median age 38 -- 37 --
0-4 years 1,464,779 6.3 1,421,050 6.6
5-9 years 1,502,646 6.4 1,351,921 6.3
10-14 years 1,397,183 6.0 1,371,054 6.4
15-19 years 1,421,595 6.1 1,405,798 6.5
20-24 years 1,566,793 6.7 1,460,674 6.8
25-29 years 1,664,602 7.1 1,513,236 7.0
30-34 years 1,703,847 7.3 1,453,775 6.8
35-39 years 1,561,679 6.7 1,520,138 7.1
40-44 years 1,583,257 6.8 1,542,879 7.2
45-49 years 1,581,455 6.8 1,504,143 7.0
50-54 years 1,523,551 6.5 1,447,404 6.7
55-59 years 1,454,332 6.2 1,297,244 6.0
60-64 years 1,299,397 5.6 1,206,116 5.6
65-69 years 1,188,999 5.1 919,319 4.3
70-74 years 887,716 3.8 708,090 3.3
75-79 years 652,657 2.8 545,263 2.5
80-84 years 460,549 2.0 436,937 2.0
85 years and over 486,842 2.1 402,681 1.9

The median age of people in Australia was 38 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.7% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Married 9,148,218 48.1 8,461,115 48.7
Separated 608,059 3.2 529,280 3.0
Divorced 1,626,890 8.5 1,460,900 8.4
Widowed 985,204 5.2 949,634 5.5
Never married 6,668,910 35.0 5,962,771 34.3

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over, 48.1% were married and 11.7% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Registered marriage 8,001,141 47.7 7,647,042 49.2
De facto marriage 1,751,731 10.4 1,476,368 9.5
Not married 7,024,973 41.9 6,413,396 41.3

In Australia, of people aged 15 years and over, 47.7% of people were in a registered marriage and 10.4% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Australia % 2011 %
Preschool 347,621 4.8 332,842 5.1
Primary - Government 1,314,787 18.2 1,181,789 18.2
Primary - Catholic 380,604 5.3 359,065 5.5
Primary - other non Government 231,490 3.2 214,360 3.3
Secondary - Government 827,505 11.5 774,076 11.9
Secondary - Catholic 338,384 4.7 307,143 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 280,618 3.9 254,826 3.9
Technical or further education institution 424,869 5.9 473,608 7.3
University or tertiary institution 1,160,626 16.1 932,526 14.3
Other 198,383 2.8 161,659 2.5
Not stated 1,707,023 23.7 1,511,691 23.2

Educational institutions were attended by 30.8% of people in Australia. Of these, 26.7% were in primary school, 20.1% in secondary school and 22.0% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Australia % 2011 %

Respondents had the option of reporting two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of total reported ancestry responses in Australia, and therefore the total responses count will not equal the persons count.

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Australia % 2011 %
Australia 15,614,835 66.7 15,017,846 69.8
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Australia % 2011 %
Both parents born overseas 8,051,196 34.4 6,876,585 32.0
Father only born overseas 1,488,092 6.4 1,407,270 6.5
Mother only born overseas 1,094,591 4.7 989,219 4.6
Both parents born in Australia 11,070,538 47.3 10,757,087 50.0

In Australia, 47.3% of people had both parents born in Australia and 34.4% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Australia %

2011 comparison data is not available for this table. For the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses, only whether a person's father was born in Australia or overseas was collected. In 2016, this question expanded to collect the actual country of birth of a person's father.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Australia %

2011 comparison data is not available for this table. For the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses, only whether a person's mother was born in Australia or overseas was collected. In 2016, this question expanded to collect the actual country of birth of a person's mother.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Australia % 2011 %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Australia % 2011 %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment - Released October 2017
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Worked full-time
Worked part-time
Away from work
Unemployed
Total in labour force -- --

There were people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Australia. Of these % were employed full time, % were employed part-time and % were unemployed.

Available Oct 2017
Employment - hours worked - Released October 2017
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
1-15 hours per week
16-24 hours per week
25-34 hours per week
35-39 hours per week
40 hours or more per week

Of employed people in Australia, % worked 1 to 15 hours, % worked 16 to 24 hours and % worked 40 hours or more.

Available Oct 2017
Median age by employment status - Released October 2017
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Employed full-time -- --
Employed part-time -- --

The median age of people employed full-time in Australia was years and for people who were employed part-time was years.

Available Oct 2017
Occupation - Released October 2017
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %

Available Oct 2017
Industry of employment, top responses - Released October 2017
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %

Available Oct 2017
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Personal 662 -- 577 --
Family 1,734 -- 1,481 --
Household 1,438 -- 1,234 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Australia was $662.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses - Released October 2017
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %

Available Oct 2017
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 13,143,914 69.0 12,149,347 70.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 5,259,400 27.6 4,827,807 27.8
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 2,145,203 11.3 1,896,955 10.9
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 3,620,726 19.0 3,090,875 17.8

In Australia, of people aged 15 years and over, 69.0% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 27.6% provided care for children and 11.3% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 19.0% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Less than 5 hours per week 4,298,593 22.6 3,883,357 22.4
5 to 14 hours per week 4,944,578 26.0 4,444,640 25.6
15 to 29 hours per week 2,189,776 11.5 2,075,154 12.0
30 hours or more per week 1,710,970 9.0 1,746,196 10.1

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Australia, 26.0% worked 5 to 14 hours, 11.5% worked 15 to 29 hours and 9.0% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition weekly incomes employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Australia % 2011 %
Couple family without children 2,291,987 37.8 2,150,299 37.8
Couple family with children 2,716,224 44.7 2,534,397 44.6
One parent family 959,543 15.8 901,634 15.9
Other family 102,559 1.7 97,721 1.7

Of the families in Australia, 44.7% were couple families with children, 37.8% were couple families without children and 15.8% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Australia % 2011 %
Male -- 18.2 -- 17.6
Female -- 81.8 -- 82.4

In Australia, 18.2% of single parents were male and 81.8% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes - Released October 2017 Australia % 2011 %
Families without children -- --
Families with children -- --

In Australia, for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $ and those without children was $.

This table uses Labour Force Status of Parents/Partners in Families (LFSF) to report the median family income of couple families with 2 incomes. This data will be available from October 2017.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families - Released October 2017
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Australia % 2011 %
Both employed, worked full-time
Both employed, worked part-time
One employed full-time, one part-time
One employed full-time, other not working
One employed part-time, other not working
Both not working
Other
Labour force status not stated

In Australia, of couple families, % had both partners employed full-time, % had both employed part-time and % had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Available Oct 2017

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Australia % 2011 %
Occupied private dwellings 8,286,073 88.8 7,760,314 89.3
Unoccupied private dwellings 1,039,874 11.2 934,471 10.7

In Australia, 88.8% of private dwellings were occupied and 11.2% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Australia % 2011 %
Separate house 6,041,788 72.9 5,864,573 75.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 1,055,016 12.7 765,980 9.9
Flat or apartment 1,087,434 13.1 1,056,236 13.6
Other dwelling 64,425 0.8 66,662 0.9

Of occupied private dwellings in Australia, 72.9% were separate houses, 12.7% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 13.1% were flats or apartments and 0.8% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Australia % 2011 %
None (includes bedsitters) 39,769 0.5 42,160 0.5
1 bedroom 411,252 5.0 363,129 4.7
2 bedrooms 1,562,759 18.9 1,481,577 19.1
3 bedrooms 3,403,190 41.1 3,379,930 43.6
4 or more bedrooms 2,670,758 32.2 2,350,132 30.3
Number of bedrooms not stated 198,351 2.4 143,394 1.8
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3.1 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Australia, of occupied private dwellings 5.0% had 1 bedroom, 18.9% had 2 bedrooms and 41.1% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3.1. The average household size was 2.6 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Australia % 2011 %
Owned outright 2,565,695 31.0 2,488,149 32.1
Owned with a mortgage 2,855,222 34.5 2,709,433 34.9
Rented 2,561,302 30.9 2,297,458 29.6
Other tenure type 78,994 1.0 70,070 0.9
Tenure type not stated 224,869 2.7 195,213 2.5

Of occupied private dwellings in Australia, 31.0% were owned outright, 34.5% were owned with a mortgage and 30.9% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Australia % 2011 %
Family households 5,907,625 71.3 5,550,611 71.5
Single (or lone) person households 2,023,542 24.4 1,888,697 24.3
Group households 354,917 4.3 321,005 4.1

In Australia, of all households, 71.3% were family households, 24.4% were single person households and 4.3% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Australia % 2011 %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 20.0 -- 23.7
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 16.4 -- 11.2

In Australia, 20.0% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 16.4% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Australia % 2011 %
Median rent 335 -- 285 --
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 88.5 -- 89.6
Households where rent payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 11.5 -- 10.4

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Australia % 2011 %
Median mortgage repayments 1,755 -- 1,800 --
Households where mortgage payments are less than 30% of household income -- 92.8 -- 90.1
Households where mortgage payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 7.2 -- 9.9

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Australia % 2011 %
None 623,829 7.5 665,851 8.6
1 motor vehicle 2,881,485 34.8 2,778,575 35.8
2 motor vehicles 2,999,184 36.2 2,802,468 36.1
3 or more vehicles 1,496,382 18.1 1,279,133 16.5
Number of motor vehicles not stated 285,197 3.4 234,292 3.0

In Australia, 34.8% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.2% had two registered motor vehicles and 18.1% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwelling internet connection Australia % 2011 %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 1,172,415 14.1 1,525,107 19.7
Internet accessed from dwelling 6,892,165 83.2 5,962,954 76.8
Not stated 221,494 2.7 272,254 3.5

In Australia, 83.2% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Australia % 2011 %
Male 322,171 49.6 270,333 49.3
Female 326,996 50.4 278,039 50.7
Median age 23 -- 21 --

In Australia, 49.6% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 50.4% were female. The median age was 23 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households. These tables represent occupied private dwellings where at least one Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait islander person was present

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Australia % 2011 %
Average number of people per household 3.2 -- 3.3 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- (a) --
Median weekly household income 1,203 -- 991 --

a) There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.2 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,203.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Australia % 2011 %
Median weekly rent 250 -- 195 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,660 -- 1,647 --

In Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $250 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,660.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 27/06/2017

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 27 June 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census