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2011 Census QuickStats

All people - usual residents

Australia | Victoria | Urban Centres and Localities

Melbourne

Code UCL201001 (UCL)
People 3,707,530
Male 1,821,164
Female 1,886,366
Median age 36
Families 975,494
Average children per family 1.8
All private dwellings 1,520,996
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,337
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,842
Median weekly rent $302
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7
Community profile

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics & education
People Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Total 3,707,530 -- 5,354,042 -- 21,507,717 --
Male 1,821,164 49.1 2,632,619 49.2 10,634,013 49.4
Female 1,886,366 50.9 2,721,423 50.8 10,873,704 50.6
 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15,715 0.4 37,990 0.7 548,369 2.5

In the 2011 Census, there were 3,707,530 people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) of these 49.1% were male and 50.9% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.4% of the population.

Age Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People
0-4 years 238,899 6.4 344,733 6.4 1,421,050 6.6
5-9 years 221,121 6.0 326,121 6.1 1,351,921 6.3
10-14 years 216,128 5.8 327,939 6.1 1,371,054 6.4
15-19 years 231,874 6.3 345,339 6.5 1,405,798 6.5
20-24 years 281,356 7.6 375,108 7.0 1,460,673 6.8
25-29 years 299,896 8.1 388,669 7.3 1,513,236 7.0
30-34 years 283,352 7.6 372,214 7.0 1,453,775 6.8
35-39 years 280,551 7.6 383,415 7.2 1,520,138 7.1
40-44 years 278,243 7.5 391,197 7.3 1,542,879 7.2
45-49 years 256,119 6.9 372,367 7.0 1,504,142 7.0
50-54 years 236,582 6.4 354,110 6.6 1,447,404 6.7
55-59 years 205,815 5.6 317,438 5.9 1,297,244 6.0
60-64 years 186,637 5.0 293,812 5.5 1,206,116 5.6
65-69 years 141,763 3.8 224,911 4.2 919,319 4.3
70-74 years 113,294 3.1 177,316 3.3 708,090 3.3
75-79 years 91,212 2.5 140,338 2.6 545,263 2.5
80-84 years 74,753 2.0 114,020 2.1 436,936 2.0
85 years and over 69,935 1.9 104,995 2.0 402,681 1.9
 
Median age 36 -- 37 -- 37 --

The median age of people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.2% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.2% of the population.

Registered marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 1,474,600 48.6 2,136,928 49.1 8,461,114 48.7
Separated 81,204 2.7 125,441 2.9 529,280 3.0
Divorced 223,436 7.4 339,497 7.8 1,460,899 8.4
Widowed 158,076 5.2 242,620 5.6 949,634 5.5
Never married 1,094,062 36.1 1,510,759 34.7 5,962,769 34.3

Of people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) aged 15 years and over, 48.6% were married and 10.0% were either divorced or separated.

Marital Status Charts
Median age by registered marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 48 -- 50 -- 50 --
Separated 49 -- 49 -- 49 --
Divorced 53 -- 54 -- 54 --
Widowed 79 -- 78 -- 78 --
Never married 26 -- 25 -- 25 --

The median age of married people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was 48 years and the median age of people never married was 26 years.

Social marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 1,352,446 48.9 1,948,522 49.4 7,647,042 49.2
De facto marriage 226,696 8.2 341,315 8.7 1,476,369 9.5
Not married 1,189,295 43.0 1,653,820 41.9 6,413,399 41.3

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of people aged 15 years and over, 48.9% of people were in a registered marriage and 8.2% were in a de facto marriage.

Median age by social marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 48 -- 50 -- 50 --
De facto marriage 35 -- 35 -- 35 --
Not married 30 -- 32 -- 33 --

The median age of people in a registered marriage in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was 48 years and the median age of people in a de facto marriage was 35 years.

Education Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Pre-school 62,517 5.5 89,819 5.6 332,844 5.1
Primary - Government 178,866 15.7 271,996 16.8 1,181,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 63,068 5.5 93,173 5.8 359,062 5.5
Primary - Other Non Government 33,765 3.0 45,848 2.8 214,359 3.3
Secondary - Government 125,055 10.9 193,776 12.0 774,074 11.9
Secondary - Catholic 54,289 4.8 82,226 5.1 307,142 4.7
Secondary - Other Non Government 51,317 4.5 69,464 4.3 254,828 3.9
Technical or further education institution 82,438 7.2 117,953 7.3 473,606 7.3
University or tertiary institution 206,109 18.0 246,550 15.2 932,524 14.3
Other 37,980 3.3 50,269 3.1 161,660 2.5
Not Stated 247,301 21.6 356,483 22.0 1,511,694 23.2
Total 1,142,705 -- 1,617,557 -- 6,503,580 --

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) 30.8% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 24.1% were in primary school, 20.2% in secondary school and 25.3% in a tertiary or technical institution.

Education Charts
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Ancestry Charts
Country of birth Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Australia 2,298,820 62.0 3,670,933 68.6 15,017,847 69.8
 
Other top responses

Birthplace of parents, stated responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 1,652,785 47.6 1,911,658 38.1 6,876,586 34.3
Father only born overseas 246,081 7.1 343,515 6.9 1,407,270 7.0
Mother only born overseas 164,615 4.7 230,297 4.6 989,220 4.9
Both parents born in Australia 1,407,194 40.5 2,528,189 50.4 10,757,087 53.7

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 40.5% of people had both parents born in Australia and 47.6% of people had both parents born overseas.

Religious affiliation, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Religious Affiliation Charts
Language, top responses (other than English) Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

People — employment
Employment Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 1,137,557 60.2 1,583,266 59.2 6,367,554 59.7
Worked part-time 543,119 28.7 791,836 29.6 3,062,976 28.7
Away from work 105,187 5.6 155,530 5.8 627,797 5.9
Unemployed 104,602 5.5 144,844 5.4 600,133 5.6
Total in labour force 1,890,465 -- 2,675,476 -- 10,658,460 --
 
View the labour force fact sheet

There were 1,890,465 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities). Of these 60.2% were employed full time, 28.7% were employed part-time and 5.5% were unemployed.

Employment - hours worked Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
1-15 hours per week 197,388 11.1 289,746 11.4 1,087,799 10.8
16-24 hours per week 171,417 9.6 245,456 9.7 947,792 9.4
25-34 hours per week 174,315 9.8 256,634 10.1 1,027,380 10.2
35-39 hours per week 325,950 18.3 445,919 17.6 1,808,879 18.0
40 hours or more per week 811,607 45.4 1,137,351 44.9 4,558,678 45.3

Of employed people in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 11.1% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.6% worked 16 to 24 hours and 45.4% worked 40 hours or more.

Median age by employment status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Employed full-time 39 -- 40 -- 40 --
Employed part-time 39 -- 40 -- 40 --

The median age of people employed full-time in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was 39 years and for people who were employed part-time was 39 years.

Occupation Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Occupation Chart
Industry of employment, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly incomes Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 592 -- 561 -- 577 --
Family 1,586 -- 1,460 -- 1,481 --
Household 1,337 -- 1,216 -- 1,234 --
 
View the income fact sheet

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) was $592.

Travel to work, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Unpaid work Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 2,077,774 68.5 3,017,919 69.3 12,149,347 70.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 808,645 26.7 1,187,433 27.3 4,827,808 27.8
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 328,166 10.8 490,097 11.3 1,896,957 10.9
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 475,891 15.7 772,444 17.7 3,090,874 17.8

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of people aged 15 years and over, 68.5% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 26.7% provided care for children and 10.8% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 15.7% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Less than 5 hours per week 737,992 24.3 1,007,118 23.1 3,883,357 22.4
5 to 14 hours per week 751,166 24.8 1,085,136 24.9 4,444,640 25.6
15 to 29 hours per week 326,142 10.8 501,575 11.5 2,075,154 12.0
30 hours or more per week 262,474 8.7 424,094 9.7 1,746,196 10.1

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 24.8% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.8% worked 15 to 29 hours and 8.7% worked 30 hours or more.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition | weekly incomes | employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Couple family without children 339,153 34.8 518,535 36.7 2,150,301 37.8
Couple family with children 466,798 47.9 651,071 46.0 2,534,399 44.6
One parent family 148,835 15.3 218,930 15.5 901,637 15.9
Other family 20,707 2.1 26,027 1.8 97,722 1.7

Of the families in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 47.9% were couple families with children, 34.8% were couple families without children and 15.3% were one parent families.

Family Charts
Single (or lone) parents Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Male -- 17.0 -- 17.2 -- 17.6
Female -- 83.0 -- 82.8 -- 82.4

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities) 17.0% of single parents were male and 83.0% were female.

Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Families without children 2,187 -- 2,046 -- 2,081 --
Families with children 2,367 -- 2,242 -- 2,310 --
 
View the income fact sheet

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $2,367 and those without children was $2,187.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Both employed, worked full-time 176,791 21.9 245,136 21.0 1,015,165 21.7
Both employed, worked part-time 29,046 3.6 44,125 3.8 174,795 3.7
One employed full-time, one part-time 176,193 21.9 262,686 22.5 1,001,907 21.4
One employed full-time, other not working 139,007 17.2 191,291 16.4 736,322 15.7
One employed part-time, other not working 43,722 5.4 64,087 5.5 251,191 5.4
Both not working 147,230 18.3 222,472 19.0 899,598 19.2
Other 48,545 6.0 71,967 6.2 291,196 6.2
Labour force status not stated 45,414 5.6 67,841 5.8 314,529 6.7

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of couple families, 21.9% had both partners employed full-time, 3.6% had both employed part-time and 21.9% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | household composition | mortgage & rent | number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling type Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 1,330,810 91.1 1,944,690 88.7 7,760,320 89.3
Unoccupied private dwellings 130,073 8.9 246,742 11.3 934,470 10.7

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 91.1% of private dwellings were occupied and 8.9% were unoccupied.

Dwelling structure Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 946,661 71.1 1,495,970 76.9 5,864,574 75.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 162,355 12.2 185,737 9.6 765,980 9.9
Flat, unit or apartment 215,823 16.2 250,493 12.9 1,056,237 13.6
Other dwelling 5,427 0.4 11,692 0.6 66,666 0.9

Of occupied private dwellings in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 71.1% were separate houses, 12.2% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 16.2% were flats, units or apartments and 0.4% were other dwellings.

Dwelling Structure Charts
Number of bedrooms Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes bedsitters) 6,848 0.5 8,768 0.5 42,160 0.5
1 bedroom 70,105 5.3 89,807 4.6 363,129 4.7
2 bedrooms 274,948 20.7 370,995 19.1 1,481,577 19.1
3 bedrooms 601,714 45.2 917,911 47.2 3,379,930 43.6
4 or more bedrooms 353,653 26.6 521,664 26.8 2,350,132 30.3
Number of bedrooms not stated 23,539 1.8 35,543 1.8 143,394 1.8
 
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of occupied private dwellings 5.3% had 1 bedroom, 20.7% had 2 bedrooms and 45.2% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.6 people.

Bedroom Charts
Tenure Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 435,945 32.8 665,416 34.2 2,488,149 32.1
Owned with a mortgage 479,168 36.0 697,533 35.9 2,709,433 34.9
Rented 371,314 27.9 515,586 26.5 2,297,458 29.6
Other tenure type 9,781 0.7 14,619 0.8 70,069 0.9
Tenure type not stated 34,599 2.6 51,535 2.7 195,213 2.5

Of occupied private dwellings in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 32.8% were owned outright, 36.0% were owned with a mortgage and 27.9% were rented.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Family households 952,067 71.5 1,385,188 71.2 5,550,614 71.5
Single (or lone) person households 314,041 23.6 476,869 24.5 1,888,698 24.3
Group households 64,703 4.9 82,630 4.2 321,007 4.1

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), of all households, 71.5% were family households, 23.6% were single person households and 4.9% were group households.

Household income Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than $600 gross weekly income -- 21.5 -- 23.8 -- 23.7
More than $3,000 gross weekly income -- 12.5 -- 10.4 -- 11.2
 
View the income fact sheet

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 21.5% of households had a weekly household income of less than $600 and 12.5% of households had a weekly income of more than $3,000.

Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median rent 302 -- 277 -- 285 --
 
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 90.1 -- 90.9 -- 89.6
Households where rent payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 9.9 -- 9.1 -- 10.4
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households whose rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which are not renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Mortgage monthly repayments Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,842 -- 1,700 -- 1,800 --
 
Households where mortgage payments are less than 30% of household income -- 89.2 -- 89.9 -- 90.1
Households where mortgage payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 10.8 -- 10.1 -- 9.9
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households who own their dwelling, and whose mortgage payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which were renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None 127,070 9.5 164,030 8.4 665,852 8.6
1 motor vehicle 474,495 35.7 673,937 34.7 2,778,576 35.8
2 motor vehicles 487,572 36.6 720,287 37.0 2,802,468 36.1
3 or more vehicles 202,739 15.2 327,268 16.8 1,279,134 16.5
Number of motor vehicles not stated 38,931 2.9 59,167 3.0 234,292 3.0

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), 35.7% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.6% had two registered motor vehicles and 15.2% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
People characteristics Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 15,714 -- 37,990 -- 548,368 --
 
Male 7,819 49.8 18,675 49.2 270,331 49.3
Female 7,895 50.2 19,315 50.8 278,037 50.7
 
Median age 24 -- 22 -- 21 --

For the 2011 Census in Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), there were 15,714 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 7,819 (or 49.8%) were male and 7,895 (or 50.2%) were female. The median age was 24 years.

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Average number of people per household 3 -- 3 -- 3.3 --
Average number of people per bedroom 1.2 -- 1.2 -- 1.2 --
Median household income 1,177 -- 962 -- 991 --
 
Average number of people per bedroom includes a miscalculation. For more information see the persons per bedroom correction page.

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3, with 1.2 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,177.

Mortgage and rent Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Median weekly rent 274 -- 200 -- 195 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,766 -- 1,500 -- 1,647 --

In Melbourne (Urban Centres and Localities), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $274 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,766.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 28/03/2013

Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. This may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics | It contains data from the 2011 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2011 | Release date of this QuickStat was 28 March 2013 | Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data | These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats | For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2011 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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