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2011 Census QuickStats

All people - usual residents

Australia | State/Territory

Western Australia

Code 5 (STE)
People 2,239,170
Male 1,126,178
Female 1,112,992
Median age 36
Families 585,311
Average children per family 1.9
All private dwellings 960,717
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,415
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,950
Median weekly rent $300
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.9
Community profile

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics & education
People Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Total 2,239,170 -- 1,959,087 -- 21,507,717 --
Male 1,126,178 50.3 976,124 49.8 10,634,013 49.4
Female 1,112,992 49.7 982,963 50.2 10,873,704 50.6
 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 69,664 3.1 58,711 3.0 548,369 2.5

In the 2011 Census, there were 2,239,170 people in Western Australia (State/Territory) of these 50.3% were male and 49.7% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.1% of the population.

Age Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People
0-4 years 151,262 6.8 124,813 6.4 1,421,050 6.6
5-9 years 142,774 6.4 132,166 6.7 1,351,921 6.3
10-14 years 146,035 6.5 139,457 7.1 1,371,054 6.4
15-19 years 148,208 6.6 139,994 7.1 1,405,798 6.5
20-24 years 159,010 7.1 136,019 6.9 1,460,673 6.8
25-29 years 167,944 7.5 124,817 6.4 1,513,236 7.0
30-34 years 156,152 7.0 136,618 7.0 1,453,775 6.8
35-39 years 161,526 7.2 147,875 7.5 1,520,138 7.1
40-44 years 166,731 7.4 148,765 7.6 1,542,879 7.2
45-49 years 159,859 7.1 145,926 7.4 1,504,142 7.0
50-54 years 150,369 6.7 133,776 6.8 1,447,404 6.7
55-59 years 133,894 6.0 122,808 6.3 1,297,244 6.0
60-64 years 120,531 5.4 90,496 4.6 1,206,116 5.6
65-69 years 86,324 3.9 71,027 3.6 919,319 4.3
70-74 years 66,219 3.0 55,916 2.9 708,090 3.3
75-79 years 49,832 2.2 47,358 2.4 545,263 2.5
80-84 years 38,284 1.7 33,779 1.7 436,936 2.0
85 years and over 34,217 1.5 27,477 1.4 402,681 1.9
 
Median age 36 -- 36 -- 37 --

The median age of people in Western Australia (State/Territory) was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 19.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 12.3% of the population.

Registered marital status Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 876,746 48.7 774,029 49.5 8,461,114 48.7
Separated 53,815 3.0 48,968 3.1 529,280 3.0
Divorced 150,800 8.4 132,797 8.5 1,460,899 8.4
Widowed 83,174 4.6 79,963 5.1 949,634 5.5
Never married 634,569 35.3 526,895 33.7 5,962,769 34.3

Of people in Western Australia (State/Territory) aged 15 years and over, 48.7% were married and 11.4% were either divorced or separated.

Marital Status Charts
Median age by registered marital status Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 49 -- 49 -- 50 --
Separated 48 -- 47 -- 49 --
Divorced 54 -- 51 -- 54 --
Widowed 78 -- 77 -- 78 --
Never married 25 -- 24 -- 25 --

The median age of married people in Western Australia (State/Territory) was 49 years and the median age of people never married was 25 years.

Social marital status Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 768,781 49.2 686,087 50.3 7,647,042 49.2
De facto marriage 171,273 11.0 138,785 10.2 1,476,369 9.5
Not married 623,367 39.9 539,950 39.6 6,413,399 41.3

In Western Australia (State/Territory), of people aged 15 years and over, 49.2% of people were in a registered marriage and 11.0% were in a de facto marriage.

Median age by social marital status Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 49 -- 49 -- 50 --
De facto marriage 34 -- 34 -- 35 --
Not married 31 -- 31 -- 33 --

The median age of people in a registered marriage in Western Australia (State/Territory) was 49 years and the median age of people in a de facto marriage was 34 years.

Education Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Pre-school 32,429 4.8 27,172 4.4 332,844 5.1
Primary - Government 129,300 19.0 118,448 19.2 1,181,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 33,580 4.9 31,977 5.2 359,062 5.5
Primary - Other Non Government 25,745 3.8 19,446 3.2 214,359 3.3
Secondary - Government 64,075 9.4 67,492 11.0 774,074 11.9
Secondary - Catholic 29,741 4.4 24,393 4.0 307,142 4.7
Secondary - Other Non Government 29,867 4.4 24,483 4.0 254,828 3.9
Technical or further education institution 48,758 7.2 40,770 6.6 473,606 7.3
University or tertiary institution 91,938 13.5 73,090 11.9 932,524 14.3
Other 13,527 2.0 9,909 1.6 161,660 2.5
Not Stated 180,865 26.6 178,199 29.0 1,511,694 23.2
Total 679,825 -- 615,379 -- 6,503,580 --

In Western Australia (State/Territory) 30.4% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 27.7% were in primary school, 18.2% in secondary school and 20.7% in a tertiary or technical institution.

Education Charts
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %

Ancestry Charts
Country of birth Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Australia 1,407,806 62.9 1,279,223 65.3 15,017,847 69.8
 
Other top responses

Birthplace of parents, stated responses Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 854,106 41.4 689,064 38.5 6,876,586 34.3
Father only born overseas 175,316 8.5 159,730 8.9 1,407,270 7.0
Mother only born overseas 130,099 6.3 114,099 6.4 989,220 4.9
Both parents born in Australia 903,103 43.8 828,062 46.2 10,757,087 53.7

In Western Australia (State/Territory), 43.8% of people had both parents born in Australia and 41.4% of people had both parents born overseas.

Religious affiliation, top responses Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %

Religious Affiliation Charts
Language, top responses (other than English) Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %

People — employment
Employment Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 699,414 60.7 593,673 61.0 6,367,554 59.7
Worked part-time 324,257 28.1 275,951 28.4 3,062,976 28.7
Away from work 74,210 6.4 66,508 6.8 627,797 5.9
Unemployed 54,319 4.7 36,660 3.8 600,133 5.6
Total in labour force 1,152,200 -- 972,792 -- 10,658,460 --
 
View the labour force fact sheet

There were 1,152,200 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Western Australia (State/Territory). Of these 60.7% were employed full time, 28.1% were employed part-time and 4.7% were unemployed.

Employment - hours worked Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
1-15 hours per week 118,795 10.8 104,077 11.1 1,087,799 10.8
16-24 hours per week 100,864 9.2 82,960 8.9 947,792 9.4
25-34 hours per week 104,595 9.5 88,914 9.5 1,027,380 10.2
35-39 hours per week 173,235 15.8 139,957 15.0 1,808,879 18.0
40 hours or more per week 526,185 47.9 453,714 48.5 4,558,678 45.3

Of employed people in Western Australia (State/Territory), 10.8% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.2% worked 16 to 24 hours and 47.9% worked 40 hours or more.

Median age by employment status Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Employed full-time 40 -- 40 -- 40 --
Employed part-time 40 -- 39 -- 40 --

The median age of people employed full-time in Western Australia (State/Territory) was 40 years and for people who were employed part-time was 40 years.

Occupation Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Occupation Chart
Industry of employment, top responses Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly incomes Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 662 -- 500 -- 577 --
Family 1,722 -- 1,247 -- 1,481 --
Household 1,415 -- 1,064 -- 1,234 --
 
View the income fact sheet

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Western Australia (State/Territory) was $662.

Travel to work, top responses Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Unpaid work Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 1,255,935 69.8 1,092,264 69.9 12,149,347 70.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 507,968 28.2 435,898 27.9 4,827,808 27.8
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 168,014 9.3 139,803 8.9 1,896,957 10.9
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 304,623 16.9 262,655 16.8 3,090,874 17.8

In Western Australia (State/Territory), of people aged 15 years and over, 69.8% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 28.2% provided care for children and 9.3% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 16.9% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Less than 5 hours per week 399,954 22.2 337,101 21.6 3,883,357 22.4
5 to 14 hours per week 459,759 25.6 382,400 24.5 4,444,640 25.6
15 to 29 hours per week 209,912 11.7 187,539 12.0 2,075,154 12.0
30 hours or more per week 186,312 10.4 185,226 11.9 1,746,196 10.1

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Western Australia (State/Territory), 25.6% worked 5 to 14 hours, 11.7% worked 15 to 29 hours and 10.4% worked 30 hours or more.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition | weekly incomes | employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Couple family without children 226,879 38.8 196,310 38.3 2,150,301 37.8
Couple family with children 262,885 44.9 230,738 45.1 2,534,399 44.6
One parent family 85,067 14.5 75,998 14.8 901,637 15.9
Other family 10,479 1.8 8,868 1.7 97,722 1.7

Of the families in Western Australia (State/Territory), 44.9% were couple families with children, 38.8% were couple families without children and 14.5% were one parent families.

Family Charts
Single (or lone) parents Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Male -- 18.0 -- 17.4 -- 17.6
Female -- 82.0 -- 82.6 -- 82.4

In Western Australia (State/Territory) 18.0% of single parents were male and 82.0% were female.

Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Families without children 2,257 -- 1,706 -- 2,081 --
Families with children 2,497 -- 1,871 -- 2,310 --
 
View the income fact sheet

In Western Australia (State/Territory), for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $2,497 and those without children was $2,257.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Both employed, worked full-time 102,046 20.8 88,593 20.7 1,015,165 21.7
Both employed, worked part-time 18,398 3.8 14,887 3.5 174,795 3.7
One employed full-time, one part-time 107,972 22.0 93,485 21.9 1,001,907 21.4
One employed full-time, other not working 81,901 16.7 72,033 16.9 736,322 15.7
One employed part-time, other not working 24,046 4.9 19,286 4.5 251,191 5.4
Both not working 76,909 15.7 72,951 17.1 899,598 19.2
Other 32,710 6.7 29,393 6.9 291,196 6.2
Labour force status not stated 45,776 9.3 36,421 8.5 314,529 6.7

In Western Australia (State/Territory), of couple families, 20.8% had both partners employed full-time, 3.8% had both employed part-time and 22.0% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | household composition | mortgage & rent | number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling type Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 794,159 87.9 703,166 88.5 7,760,320 89.3
Unoccupied private dwellings 109,328 12.1 91,016 11.5 934,470 10.7

In Western Australia (State/Territory), 87.9% of private dwellings were occupied and 12.1% were unoccupied.

Dwelling structure Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 638,768 80.4 568,817 80.9 5,864,574 75.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 84,333 10.6 73,321 10.4 765,980 9.9
Flat, unit or apartment 62,990 7.9 52,610 7.5 1,056,237 13.6
Other dwelling 7,380 0.9 8,045 1.1 66,666 0.9

Of occupied private dwellings in Western Australia (State/Territory), 80.4% were separate houses, 10.6% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 7.9% were flats, units or apartments and 0.9% were other dwellings.

Dwelling Structure Charts
Number of bedrooms Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes bedsitters) 2,868 0.4 2,764 0.4 42,160 0.5
1 bedroom 28,193 3.6 24,090 3.4 363,129 4.7
2 bedrooms 103,373 13.0 94,876 13.5 1,481,577 19.1
3 bedrooms 312,043 39.3 287,373 40.9 3,379,930 43.6
4 or more bedrooms 333,932 42.0 279,613 39.8 2,350,132 30.3
Number of bedrooms not stated 13,751 1.7 14,451 2.1 143,394 1.8
 
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3.3 -- 3.3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.5 -- 2.6 --

In Western Australia (State/Territory), of occupied private dwellings 3.6% had 1 bedroom, 13.0% had 2 bedrooms and 39.3% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3.3. The average household size was 2.6 people.

Bedroom Charts
Tenure Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 234,627 29.5 220,771 31.4 2,488,149 32.1
Owned with a mortgage 300,334 37.8 264,479 37.6 2,709,433 34.9
Rented 231,824 29.2 191,366 27.2 2,297,458 29.6
Other tenure type 8,880 1.1 7,210 1.0 70,069 0.9
Tenure type not stated 18,493 2.3 19,342 2.8 195,213 2.5

Of occupied private dwellings in Western Australia (State/Territory), 29.5% were owned outright, 37.8% were owned with a mortgage and 29.2% were rented.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Family households 573,706 72.2 504,295 71.7 5,550,614 71.5
Single (or lone) person households 188,764 23.8 173,784 24.7 1,888,698 24.3
Group households 31,690 4.0 25,089 3.6 321,007 4.1

In Western Australia (State/Territory), of all households, 72.2% were family households, 23.8% were single person households and 4.0% were group households.

Household income Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Less than $600 gross weekly income -- 21.1 -- 28.2 -- 23.7
More than $3,000 gross weekly income -- 14.1 -- 5.6 -- 11.2
 
View the income fact sheet

In Western Australia (State/Territory), 21.1% of households had a weekly household income of less than $600 and 14.1% of households had a weekly income of more than $3,000.

Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Median rent 300 -- 170 -- 285 --
 
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 91.1 -- 92.6 -- 89.6
Households where rent payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 8.9 -- 7.4 -- 10.4
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households whose rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which are not renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Mortgage monthly repayments Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,950 -- 1,213 -- 1,800 --
 
Households where mortgage payments are less than 30% of household income -- 89.8 -- 92.2 -- 90.1
Households where mortgage payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 10.2 -- 7.8 -- 9.9
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households who own their dwelling, and whose mortgage payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which were renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
None 48,447 6.1 48,343 6.9 665,852 8.6
1 motor vehicle 258,942 32.6 239,765 34.1 2,778,576 35.8
2 motor vehicles 305,676 38.5 265,521 37.8 2,802,468 36.1
3 or more vehicles 158,860 20.0 125,266 17.8 1,279,134 16.5
Number of motor vehicles not stated 22,234 2.8 24,272 3.5 234,292 3.0

In Western Australia (State/Territory), 32.6% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 38.5% had two registered motor vehicles and 20.0% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
People characteristics Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 69,664 -- 58,710 -- 548,368 --
 
Male 34,418 49.4 28,989 49.4 270,331 49.3
Female 35,246 50.6 29,721 50.6 278,037 50.7
 
Median age 22 -- 21 -- 21 --

For the 2011 Census in Western Australia (State/Territory), there were 69,664 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 34,418 (or 49.4%) were male and 35,246 (or 50.6%) were female. The median age was 22 years.

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households. These tables represent occupied private dwellings where at least one Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait islander person was present

Dwelling characteristics Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Average number of people per household 3.5 -- 3.5 -- 3.3 --
Average number of people per bedroom 1.3 -- 1.3 -- 1.2 --
Median household income 1,043 -- 788 -- 991 --
 
Average number of people per bedroom includes a miscalculation. For more information see the persons per bedroom correction page.

In Western Australia (State/Territory), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.5, with 1.3 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,043.

Mortgage and rent Western Australia % 2006 % Australia %
Median weekly rent 158 -- 113 -- 195 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,050 -- 1,647 --

In Western Australia (State/Territory), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $158 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 28/03/2013

Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. This may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics | It contains data from the 2011 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2011 | Release date of this QuickStat was 28 March 2013 | Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data | These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats | For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2011 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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