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2011 Census QuickStats

All people - usual residents

Australia | Victoria | Greater Capital City Statistical Areas

Greater Melbourne

Code 2GMEL (GCCSA)
People 3,999,982
Male 1,966,503
Female 2,033,479
Median age 36
Families 1,055,604
Average children per family 1.8
All private dwellings 1,636,167
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,333
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,810
Median weekly rent $300
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7
Community profile

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics & education
People Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Total 3,999,982 -- 5,354,042 -- 21,507,717 --
Male 1,966,503 49.2 2,632,619 49.2 10,634,013 49.4
Female 2,033,479 50.8 2,721,423 50.8 10,873,704 50.6
 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 18,025 0.5 37,990 0.7 548,369 2.5

In the 2011 Census, there were 3,999,982 people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) of these 49.2% were male and 50.8% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.5% of the population.

Age Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People
0-4 years 259,633 6.5 344,733 6.4 1,421,050 6.6
5-9 years 241,926 6.0 326,121 6.1 1,351,921 6.3
10-14 years 237,623 5.9 327,939 6.1 1,371,054 6.4
15-19 years 253,093 6.3 345,339 6.5 1,405,798 6.5
20-24 years 299,851 7.5 375,108 7.0 1,460,673 6.8
25-29 years 317,214 7.9 388,669 7.3 1,513,236 7.0
30-34 years 300,750 7.5 372,214 7.0 1,453,775 6.8
35-39 years 300,695 7.5 383,415 7.2 1,520,138 7.1
40-44 years 300,546 7.5 391,197 7.3 1,542,879 7.2
45-49 years 277,826 6.9 372,367 7.0 1,504,142 7.0
50-54 years 257,500 6.4 354,110 6.6 1,447,404 6.7
55-59 years 224,772 5.6 317,438 5.9 1,297,244 6.0
60-64 years 204,070 5.1 293,812 5.5 1,206,116 5.6
65-69 years 154,138 3.9 224,911 4.2 919,319 4.3
70-74 years 121,443 3.0 177,316 3.3 708,090 3.3
75-79 years 96,854 2.4 140,338 2.6 545,263 2.5
80-84 years 78,810 2.0 114,020 2.1 436,936 2.0
85 years and over 73,236 1.8 104,995 2.0 402,681 1.9
 
Median age 36 -- 37 -- 37 --

The median age of people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.5% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.1% of the population.

Registered marital status Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 1,592,404 48.8 2,136,928 49.1 8,461,114 48.7
Separated 88,779 2.7 125,441 2.9 529,280 3.0
Divorced 242,808 7.4 339,497 7.8 1,460,899 8.4
Widowed 167,682 5.1 242,620 5.6 949,634 5.5
Never married 1,169,126 35.9 1,510,759 34.7 5,962,769 34.3

Of people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) aged 15 years and over, 48.8% were married and 10.2% were either divorced or separated.

Marital Status Charts
Median age by registered marital status Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 49 -- 50 -- 50 --
Separated 49 -- 49 -- 49 --
Divorced 53 -- 54 -- 54 --
Widowed 78 -- 78 -- 78 --
Never married 26 -- 25 -- 25 --

The median age of married people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was 49 years and the median age of people never married was 26 years.

Social marital status Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 1,461,501 49.1 1,948,522 49.4 7,647,042 49.2
De facto marriage 248,739 8.4 341,315 8.7 1,476,369 9.5
Not married 1,268,489 42.6 1,653,820 41.9 6,413,399 41.3

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of people aged 15 years and over, 49.1% of people were in a registered marriage and 8.4% were in a de facto marriage.

Median age by social marital status Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 48 -- 50 -- 50 --
De facto marriage 35 -- 35 -- 35 --
Not married 30 -- 32 -- 33 --

The median age of people in a registered marriage in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was 48 years and the median age of people in a de facto marriage was 35 years.

Education Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Pre-school 67,897 5.5 89,819 5.6 332,844 5.1
Primary - Government 197,319 16.0 271,996 16.8 1,181,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 68,018 5.5 93,173 5.8 359,062 5.5
Primary - Other Non Government 37,000 3.0 45,848 2.8 214,359 3.3
Secondary - Government 137,248 11.1 193,776 12.0 774,074 11.9
Secondary - Catholic 58,608 4.8 82,226 5.1 307,142 4.7
Secondary - Other Non Government 56,249 4.6 69,464 4.3 254,828 3.9
Technical or further education institution 88,764 7.2 117,953 7.3 473,606 7.3
University or tertiary institution 213,648 17.4 246,550 15.2 932,524 14.3
Other 40,567 3.3 50,269 3.1 161,660 2.5
Not Stated 265,618 21.6 356,483 22.0 1,511,694 23.2
Total 1,230,936 -- 1,617,557 -- 6,503,580 --

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) 30.8% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 24.6% were in primary school, 20.5% in secondary school and 24.6% in a tertiary or technical institution.

Education Charts
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Ancestry Charts
Country of birth Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Australia 2,530,775 63.3 3,670,933 68.6 15,017,847 69.8
 
Other top responses

Birthplace of parents, stated responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 1,719,317 45.9 1,911,658 38.1 6,876,586 34.3
Father only born overseas 268,512 7.2 343,515 6.9 1,407,270 7.0
Mother only born overseas 179,811 4.8 230,297 4.6 989,220 4.9
Both parents born in Australia 1,578,237 42.1 2,528,189 50.4 10,757,087 53.7

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 42.1% of people had both parents born in Australia and 45.9% of people had both parents born overseas.

Religious affiliation, top responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Religious Affiliation Charts
Language, top responses (other than English) Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

People — employment
Employment Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 1,226,134 60.1 1,583,266 59.2 6,367,554 59.7
Worked part-time 587,550 28.8 791,836 29.6 3,062,976 28.7
Away from work 114,241 5.6 155,530 5.8 627,797 5.9
Unemployed 111,457 5.5 144,844 5.4 600,133 5.6
Total in labour force 2,039,382 -- 2,675,476 -- 10,658,460 --
 
View the labour force fact sheet

There were 2,039,382 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas). Of these 60.1% were employed full time, 28.8% were employed part-time and 5.5% were unemployed.

Employment - hours worked Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
1-15 hours per week 213,620 11.1 289,746 11.4 1,087,799 10.8
16-24 hours per week 184,957 9.6 245,456 9.7 947,792 9.4
25-34 hours per week 188,970 9.8 256,634 10.1 1,027,380 10.2
35-39 hours per week 349,748 18.1 445,919 17.6 1,808,879 18.0
40 hours or more per week 876,388 45.5 1,137,351 44.9 4,558,678 45.3

Of employed people in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 11.1% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.6% worked 16 to 24 hours and 45.5% worked 40 hours or more.

Median age by employment status Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Employed full-time 40 -- 40 -- 40 --
Employed part-time 39 -- 40 -- 40 --

The median age of people employed full-time in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was 40 years and for people who were employed part-time was 39 years.

Occupation Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Occupation Chart
Industry of employment, top responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly incomes Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 591 -- 561 -- 577 --
Family 1,576 -- 1,460 -- 1,481 --
Household 1,333 -- 1,216 -- 1,234 --
 
View the income fact sheet

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) was $591.

Travel to work, top responses Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Unpaid work Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 2,243,963 68.8 3,017,919 69.3 12,149,347 70.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 881,483 27.0 1,187,433 27.3 4,827,808 27.8
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 355,200 10.9 490,097 11.3 1,896,957 10.9
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 516,531 15.8 772,444 17.7 3,090,874 17.8

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of people aged 15 years and over, 68.8% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 27.0% provided care for children and 10.9% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 15.8% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Less than 5 hours per week 787,733 24.2 1,007,118 23.1 3,883,357 22.4
5 to 14 hours per week 810,688 24.9 1,085,136 24.9 4,444,640 25.6
15 to 29 hours per week 355,831 10.9 501,575 11.5 2,075,154 12.0
30 hours or more per week 289,712 8.9 424,094 9.7 1,746,196 10.1

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 24.9% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.9% worked 15 to 29 hours and 8.9% worked 30 hours or more.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition | weekly incomes | employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Couple family without children 366,856 34.8 518,535 36.7 2,150,301 37.8
Couple family with children 505,945 47.9 651,071 46.0 2,534,399 44.6
One parent family 161,211 15.3 218,930 15.5 901,637 15.9
Other family 21,592 2.0 26,027 1.8 97,722 1.7

Of the families in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 47.9% were couple families with children, 34.8% were couple families without children and 15.3% were one parent families.

Family Charts
Single (or lone) parents Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Male -- 17.1 -- 17.2 -- 17.6
Female -- 82.9 -- 82.8 -- 82.4

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas) 17.1% of single parents were male and 82.9% were female.

Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Families without children 2,166 -- 2,046 -- 2,081 --
Families with children 2,346 -- 2,242 -- 2,310 --
 
View the income fact sheet

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $2,346 and those without children was $2,166.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Both employed, worked full-time 190,605 21.8 245,136 21.0 1,015,165 21.7
Both employed, worked part-time 31,654 3.6 44,125 3.8 174,795 3.7
One employed full-time, one part-time 193,042 22.1 262,686 22.5 1,001,907 21.4
One employed full-time, other not working 150,706 17.3 191,291 16.4 736,322 15.7
One employed part-time, other not working 47,180 5.4 64,087 5.5 251,191 5.4
Both not working 157,607 18.1 222,472 19.0 899,598 19.2
Other 53,060 6.1 71,967 6.2 291,196 6.2
Labour force status not stated 48,950 5.6 67,841 5.8 314,529 6.7

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of couple families, 21.8% had both partners employed full-time, 3.6% had both employed part-time and 22.1% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | household composition | mortgage & rent | number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling type Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 1,430,665 91.0 1,944,690 88.7 7,760,320 89.3
Unoccupied private dwellings 141,506 9.0 246,742 11.3 934,470 10.7

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 91.0% of private dwellings were occupied and 9.0% were unoccupied.

Dwelling structure Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 1,039,342 72.6 1,495,970 76.9 5,864,574 75.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 165,486 11.6 185,737 9.6 765,980 9.9
Flat, unit or apartment 219,111 15.3 250,493 12.9 1,056,237 13.6
Other dwelling 6,159 0.4 11,692 0.6 66,666 0.9

Of occupied private dwellings in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 72.6% were separate houses, 11.6% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 15.3% were flats, units or apartments and 0.4% were other dwellings.

Dwelling Structure Charts
Number of bedrooms Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes bedsitters) 7,115 0.5 8,768 0.5 42,160 0.5
1 bedroom 72,006 5.0 89,807 4.6 363,129 4.7
2 bedrooms 284,608 19.9 370,995 19.1 1,481,577 19.1
3 bedrooms 650,071 45.4 917,911 47.2 3,379,930 43.6
4 or more bedrooms 391,812 27.4 521,664 26.8 2,350,132 30.3
Number of bedrooms not stated 25,052 1.8 35,543 1.8 143,394 1.8
 
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of occupied private dwellings 5.0% had 1 bedroom, 19.9% had 2 bedrooms and 45.4% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.6 people.

Bedroom Charts
Tenure Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 467,519 32.7 665,416 34.2 2,488,149 32.1
Owned with a mortgage 526,099 36.8 697,533 35.9 2,709,433 34.9
Rented 389,644 27.2 515,586 26.5 2,297,458 29.6
Other tenure type 10,524 0.7 14,619 0.8 70,069 0.9
Tenure type not stated 36,875 2.6 51,535 2.7 195,213 2.5

Of occupied private dwellings in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 32.7% were owned outright, 36.8% were owned with a mortgage and 27.2% were rented.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Family households 1,030,409 72.0 1,385,188 71.2 5,550,614 71.5
Single (or lone) person households 333,280 23.3 476,869 24.5 1,888,698 24.3
Group households 66,973 4.7 82,630 4.2 321,007 4.1

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), of all households, 72.0% were family households, 23.3% were single person households and 4.7% were group households.

Household income Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than $600 gross weekly income -- 21.3 -- 23.8 -- 23.7
More than $3,000 gross weekly income -- 12.3 -- 10.4 -- 11.2
 
View the income fact sheet

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 21.3% of households had a weekly household income of less than $600 and 12.3% of households had a weekly income of more than $3,000.

Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median rent 300 -- 277 -- 285 --
 
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 90.3 -- 90.9 -- 89.6
Households where rent payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 9.7 -- 9.1 -- 10.4
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households whose rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which are not renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Mortgage monthly repayments Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,810 -- 1,700 -- 1,800 --
 
Households where mortgage payments are less than 30% of household income -- 89.0 -- 89.9 -- 90.1
Households where mortgage payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 11.0 -- 10.1 -- 9.9
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households who own their dwelling, and whose mortgage payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which were renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None 130,633 9.1 164,030 8.4 665,852 8.6
1 motor vehicle 501,058 35.0 673,937 34.7 2,778,576 35.8
2 motor vehicles 528,222 36.9 720,287 37.0 2,802,468 36.1
3 or more vehicles 229,116 16.0 327,268 16.8 1,279,134 16.5
Number of motor vehicles not stated 41,632 2.9 59,167 3.0 234,292 3.0

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 35.0% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.9% had two registered motor vehicles and 16.0% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
People characteristics Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 18,024 -- 37,990 -- 548,368 --
 
Male 8,944 49.6 18,675 49.2 270,331 49.3
Female 9,080 50.4 19,315 50.8 278,037 50.7
 
Median age 23 -- 22 -- 21 --

For the 2011 Census in Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), there were 18,024 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 8,944 (or 49.6%) were male and 9,080 (or 50.4%) were female. The median age was 23 years.

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Average number of people per household 3 -- 3 -- 3.3 --
Average number of people per bedroom 1.2 -- 1.2 -- 1.2 --
Median household income 1,178 -- 962 -- 991 --
 
Average number of people per bedroom includes a miscalculation. For more information see the persons per bedroom correction page.

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3, with 1.2 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,178.

Mortgage and rent Greater Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Median weekly rent 270 -- 200 -- 195 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,500 -- 1,647 --

In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $270 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 28/03/2013

Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. This may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics | It contains data from the 2011 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2011 | Release date of this QuickStat was 28 March 2013 | Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data | These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats | For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2011 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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