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2011 Census QuickStats

All people - usual residents

 

Australia

Code 0 (AUST)
People 21,507,717
Male 10,634,013
Female 10,873,704
Median age 37
Families 5,684,062
Average children per family 1.9
All private dwellings 9,117,033
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,234
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,800
Median weekly rent $285
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7
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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics & education
People Australia % 2006 %
Total 21,507,717 -- 19,855,290 --
Male 10,634,013 49.4 9,799,249 49.4
Female 10,873,704 50.6 10,056,041 50.6
 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 548,369 2.5 455,026 2.3

In the 2011 Census, there were 21,507,717 people in Australia of these 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.5% of the population.

Age Australia % 2006 %
People
0-4 years 1,421,050 6.6 1,260,406 6.3
5-9 years 1,351,921 6.3 1,308,866 6.6
10-14 years 1,371,054 6.4 1,367,942 6.9
15-19 years 1,405,798 6.5 1,356,906 6.8
20-24 years 1,460,673 6.8 1,347,362 6.8
25-29 years 1,513,236 7.0 1,276,924 6.4
30-34 years 1,453,775 6.8 1,399,471 7.0
35-39 years 1,520,138 7.1 1,466,187 7.4
40-44 years 1,542,879 7.2 1,471,660 7.4
45-49 years 1,504,142 7.0 1,446,730 7.3
50-54 years 1,447,404 6.7 1,315,788 6.6
55-59 years 1,297,244 6.0 1,234,598 6.2
60-64 years 1,206,116 5.6 958,079 4.8
65-69 years 919,319 4.3 757,385 3.8
70-74 years 708,090 3.3 616,052 3.1
75-79 years 545,263 2.5 543,604 2.7
80-84 years 436,936 2.0 404,478 2.0
85 years and over 402,681 1.9 322,849 1.6
 
Median age 37 -- 37 --

The median age of people in Australia was 37 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 19.3% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.0% of the population.

Registered marital status Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 8,461,114 48.7 7,900,685 49.6
Separated 529,280 3.0 495,059 3.1
Divorced 1,460,899 8.4 1,306,916 8.2
Widowed 949,634 5.5 936,815 5.9
Never married 5,962,769 34.3 5,278,605 33.2

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over, 48.7% were married and 11.5% were either divorced or separated.

Marital Status Charts
Median age by registered marital status Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 50 -- 49 --
Separated 49 -- 47 --
Divorced 54 -- 51 --
Widowed 78 -- 77 --
Never married 25 -- 25 --

The median age of married people in Australia was 50 years and the median age of people never married was 25 years.

Social marital status Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 7,647,042 49.2 7,158,699 50.4
De facto marriage 1,476,369 9.5 1,242,793 8.8
Not married 6,413,399 41.3 5,788,667 40.8

In Australia, of people aged 15 years and over, 49.2% of people were in a registered marriage and 9.5% were in a de facto marriage.

Median age by social marital status Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 50 -- 49 --
De facto marriage 35 -- 34 --
Not married 33 -- 33 --

The median age of people in a registered marriage in Australia was 50 years and the median age of people in a de facto marriage was 35 years.

Education Australia % 2006 %
Pre-school 332,844 5.1 307,817 4.9
Primary - Government 1,181,787 18.2 1,174,546 18.9
Primary - Catholic 359,062 5.5 336,732 5.4
Primary - Other Non Government 214,359 3.3 185,520 3.0
Secondary - Government 774,074 11.9 764,826 12.3
Secondary - Catholic 307,142 4.7 280,789 4.5
Secondary - Other Non Government 254,828 3.9 229,530 3.7
Technical or further education institution 473,606 7.3 428,026 6.9
University or tertiary institution 932,524 14.3 745,444 12.0
Other 161,660 2.5 127,987 2.1
Not Stated 1,511,694 23.2 1,640,295 26.4
Total 6,503,580 -- 6,221,512 --

Educational institutions were attended by 30.2% of people in Australia. Of these, 27.0% were in primary school, 20.5% in secondary school and 21.6% in a tertiary or technical institution.

Education Charts
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry top responses Australia % 2006 %

Ancestry Charts
Country of birth Australia % 2006 %
Australia 15,017,847 69.8 14,072,945 70.9
 
Other top responses

Birthplace of parents, stated responses Australia % 2006 %
Both parents born overseas 6,876,586 34.3 5,868,729 32.0
Father only born overseas 1,407,270 7.0 1,299,784 7.1
Mother only born overseas 989,220 4.9 879,691 4.8
Both parents born in Australia 10,757,087 53.7 10,282,282 56.1

In Australia, 53.7% of people had both parents born in Australia and 34.3% of people had both parents born overseas.

Religious affiliation top responses Australia % 2006 %

Religious Affiliation Charts
Language top responses (other than English) Australia % 2006 %

People — employment
Employment Australia % 2006 %
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 6,367,554 59.7 5,827,434 60.7
Worked part-time 3,062,976 28.7 2,685,195 27.9
Away from work 627,797 5.9 591,555 6.2
Unemployed 600,133 5.6 503,804 5.2
Total in labour force 10,658,460 -- 9,607,988 --
 
View the labour force fact sheet

There were 10,658,460 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Australia. Of these 59.7% were employed full time, 28.7% were employed part-time and 5.6% were unemployed.

Employment - hours worked Australia % 2006 %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
1-15 hours per week 1,087,799 10.8 985,761 10.8
16-24 hours per week 947,792 9.4 811,593 8.9
25-34 hours per week 1,027,380 10.2 887,841 9.8
35-39 hours per week 1,808,879 18.0 1,533,565 16.8
40 hours or more per week 4,558,678 45.3 4,293,873 47.2

Of employed people in Australia, 10.8% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.4% worked 16 to 24 hours and 45.3% worked 40 hours or more.

Median age by employment status Australia % 2006 %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Employed full-time 40 -- 40 --
Employed part-time 40 -- 39 --

The median age of people employed full-time in Australia was 40 years and for people who were employed part-time was 40 years.

Occupation Australia % 2006 %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Occupation Chart
Industry of employment, top responses Australia % 2006 %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly incomes Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 577 -- 466 --
Family 1,481 -- 1,171 --
Household 1,234 -- 1,025 --
 
View the income fact sheet

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Australia was $577.

Travel to work, top responses Australia % 2006 %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Unpaid work Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 12,149,347 70.0 11,098,334 69.7
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 4,827,808 27.8 4,358,287 27.4
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 1,896,957 10.9 1,606,179 10.1
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 3,090,874 17.8 2,850,998 17.9

In Australia, of people aged 15 years and over, 70.0% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 27.8% provided care for children and 10.9% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 17.8% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours Australia % 2006 %
People aged 15 years and over
Less than 5 hours per week 3,883,357 22.4 3,433,987 21.6
5 to 14 hours per week 4,444,640 25.6 3,876,565 24.4
15 to 29 hours per week 2,075,154 12.0 1,938,888 12.2
30 hours or more per week 1,746,196 10.1 1,848,897 11.6

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Australia, 25.6% worked 5 to 14 hours, 12.0% worked 15 to 29 hours and 10.1% worked 30 hours or more.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition | weekly incomes | employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Australia % 2006 %
Couple family without children 2,150,301 37.8 1,943,644 37.2
Couple family with children 2,534,399 44.6 2,362,583 45.3
One parent family 901,637 15.9 823,250 15.8
Other family 97,722 1.7 89,685 1.7

Of the families in Australia, 44.6% were couple families with children, 37.8% were couple families without children and 15.9% were one parent families.

Family Charts
Single (or lone) parents Australia % 2006 %
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Male -- 17.6 -- 16.9
Female -- 82.4 -- 83.1

In Australia 17.6% of single parents were male and 82.4% were female.

Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes Australia % 2006 %
Families without children 2,081 -- 1,649 --
Families with children 2,310 -- 1,822 --
 
View the income fact sheet

In Australia, for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $2,310 and those without children was $2,081.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families Australia % 2006 %
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Both employed, worked full-time 1,015,165 21.7 937,399 21.8
Both employed, worked part-time 174,795 3.7 145,850 3.4
One employed full-time, one part-time 1,001,907 21.4 906,417 21.0
One employed full-time, other not working 736,322 15.7 684,768 15.9
One employed part-time, other not working 251,191 5.4 210,757 4.9
Both not working 899,598 19.2 859,782 20.0
Other 291,196 6.2 269,931 6.3
Labour force status not stated 314,529 6.7 291,327 6.8

In Australia, of couple families, 21.7% had both partners employed full-time, 3.7% had both employed part-time and 21.4% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | household composition | mortgage & rent | number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling type Australia % 2006 %
Occupied private dwellings 7,760,320 89.3 7,144,093 89.6
Unoccupied private dwellings 934,470 10.7 830,376 10.4

In Australia, 89.3% of private dwellings were occupied and 10.7% were unoccupied.

Dwelling structure Australia % 2006 %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 5,864,574 75.6 5,472,527 76.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 765,980 9.9 658,858 9.2
Flat, unit or apartment 1,056,237 13.6 932,862 13.1
Other dwelling 66,666 0.9 76,080 1.1

Of occupied private dwellings in Australia, 75.6% were separate houses, 9.9% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 13.6% were flats, units or apartments and 0.9% were other dwellings.

Dwelling Structure Charts
Number of bedrooms Australia % 2006 %
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes bedsitters) 42,160 0.5 37,988 0.5
1 bedroom 363,129 4.7 316,654 4.4
2 bedrooms 1,481,577 19.1 1,388,283 19.4
3 bedrooms 3,379,930 43.6 3,244,224 45.4
4 or more bedrooms 2,350,132 30.3 2,006,520 28.1
Number of bedrooms not stated 143,394 1.8 150,427 2.1
 
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3.1 -- 3 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Australia, of occupied private dwellings 4.7% had 1 bedroom, 19.1% had 2 bedrooms and 43.6% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3.1. The average household size was 2.6 people.

Bedroom Charts
Tenure Australia % 2006 %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 2,488,149 32.1 2,430,730 34.0
Owned with a mortgage 2,709,433 34.9 2,436,118 34.1
Rented 2,297,458 29.6 2,010,451 28.1
Other tenure type 70,069 0.9 60,080 0.8
Tenure type not stated 195,213 2.5 206,717 2.9

Of occupied private dwellings in Australia, 32.1% were owned outright, 34.9% were owned with a mortgage and 29.6% were rented.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Australia % 2006 %
Family households 5,550,614 71.5 5,122,762 71.7
Single (or lone) person households 1,888,698 24.3 1,740,481 24.4
Group households 321,007 4.1 280,851 3.9

In Australia, of all households, 71.5% were family households, 24.3% were single person households and 4.1% were group households.

Household income Australia % 2006 %
Less than $600 gross weekly income -- 23.7 -- 30.3
More than $3,000 gross weekly income -- 11.2 -- 5.5
 
View the income fact sheet

In Australia, 23.7% of households had a weekly household income of less than $600 and 11.2% of households had a weekly income of more than $3,000.

Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Australia % 2006 %
Median rent 285 -- 190 --
 
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 89.6 -- 90.7
Households where rent payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 10.4 -- 9.3
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households whose rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which are not renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Mortgage monthly repayments Australia % 2006 %
Median mortgage repayments 1,800 -- 1,300 --
 
Households where mortgage payments are less than 30% of household income -- 90.1 -- 91.6
Households where mortgage payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 9.9 -- 8.4
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households who own their dwelling, and whose mortgage payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which were renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Australia % 2006 %
None 665,852 8.6 676,296 9.5
1 motor vehicle 2,778,576 35.8 2,603,679 36.4
2 motor vehicles 2,802,468 36.1 2,535,038 35.5
3 or more vehicles 1,279,134 16.5 1,068,898 15.0
Number of motor vehicles not stated 234,292 3.0 260,185 3.6

In Australia, 35.8% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.1% had two registered motor vehicles and 16.5% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
People characteristics Australia % 2006 %
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 548,368 -- 455,025 --
 
Male 270,331 49.3 224,074 49.2
Female 278,037 50.7 230,951 50.8
 
Median age 21 -- 20 --

For the 2011 Census in Australia, there were 548,368 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 270,331 (or 49.3%) were male and 278,037 (or 50.7%) were female. The median age was 21 years.

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households. These tables represent occupied private dwellings where at least one Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait islander person was present

Dwelling characteristics Australia % 2006 %
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.4 --
Average number of people per bedroom 1.2 -- 1.3 --
Median household income 991 -- 791 --
 
Average number of people per bedroom includes a miscalculation. For more information see the persons per bedroom correction page.

In Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3, with 1.2 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $991.

Mortgage and rent Australia % 2006 %
Median weekly rent 195 -- 140 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,647 -- 1,127 --

In Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $195 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,647.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 28/03/2013

Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. This may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics | It contains data from the 2011 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2011 | Release date of this QuickStat was 28 March 2013 | Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data | These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats | For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2011 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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