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2006 Census QuickStats

All people - usual residents

 

Australia

Code 0 (AUST)
People 19,855,288
Male 9,799,252
Female 10,056,036
Australian citizenship 17,095,569
People born overseas 4,416,037
Overseas visitors (excluded from people counts) 206,358
Families 5,219,165
All private dwellings (including unoccupied) 8,426,559
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,027
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,300
Median weekly rent $190
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Expand People category,
includes demographics | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics
People Australia % 2001 %
Total 19,855,288 -- 18,769,249 --
Male 9,799,252 49.4 9,270,466 49.4
Female 10,056,036 50.6 9,498,783 50.6
 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 455,031 2.3 410,003 2.2

In the 2006 Census (held on 8th August 2006), there were 19,855,288 people usually resident in Australia. The population has increased by 6%, or just over 1 million people, since the 2001 Census. As in 2001, female slightly outnumbered male in the population.

2.3% of the population identified themselves as being Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the 2006 Census which is an increase of 11% or 45,000 people.

Age Australia % 2001 %
People
0-4 years 1,260,405 6.3 1,243,969 6.6
5-14 years 2,676,807 13.5 2,668,506 14.2
15-24 years 2,704,276 13.6 2,566,346 13.7
25-54 years 8,376,751 42.2 8,159,808 43.5
55-64 years 2,192,675 11.0 1,759,742 9.4
65 years and over 2,644,374 13.3 2,370,878 12.6
 
Median age 37 -- 35 --

Australia's population continued to age as a result of low fertility and increased life expectancy. The median age of the resident population increased by about 2 years, to 37 years in 2006 from 35 years in 2001. The biggest change occurred in the older age groups. The proportion of the population aged 55-64 years increased from 9.4% to 11.0% between the 2001 and 2006 Censuses. Over the same period the proportion of children in the population (aged 0-14 years) decreased slightly. However, there were about 16,500 more young children aged 0-4 years in 2006 than in 2001.

Selected characteristics Australia % 2001 %
Australian citizenship 17,095,569 86.1 16,559,774 88.2
People born overseas 4,416,037 22.2 4,105,444 21.9
Overseas visitors (excluded from people counts) 206,358 1.0 203,101 1.1

Most people counted in the 2006 Census were Australian citizens (86.1%). Although the proportion of the population who are citizens decreased slightly, the number of citizens increased by about 535,000 between 2001 and 2006.

Registered marital status Australia % 2001 %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 7,900,684 49.6 7,635,947 51.4
Separated or divorced 1,801,979 11.3 1,609,314 10.8
Widowed 936,813 5.9 919,904 6.2
Never married 5,278,600 33.2 4,691,609 31.6

Just under half (49.6%) of the Australian resident population stated they were married in the 2006 Census, a slight decrease from 51.4% in the 2001 Census. The number and proportion of Australians stating they were separated or divorced, or never married increased from 2001.

People — cultural & language diversity
Country of birth Australia % 2001 %
Australia 14,072,944 70.9 13,629,481 72.6
 
Other top responses

Religious affiliation, top responses Australia % 2001 %

Language, top responses (other than English) Australia % 2001 %

People — employment
Employment Australia % 2001 %
People aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 5,827,432 60.7 5,360,693 59.8
Worked part-time 2,685,193 27.9 2,364,862 26.4
Away from work 337,991 3.5 324,847 3.6
Hours worked not stated 253,567 2.6 248,204 2.8
Unemployed 503,804 5.2 660,709 7.4
Not in the labour force 5,271,116 -- 5,265,426 --
Total in labour force (includes employed and unemployed people) 9,607,987 -- 8,959,315 --
 
View labour force information

The proportion of the Australian labour force which was employed at the time of the Census was 94.8%. This was an increase in the 2001 Census figure of 92.6%.

In the 2006 Census, the proportion of the labour force who were employed full-time increased to 60.7% from 59.8% in the 2001 Census while the proportion of the labour force employed part-time increased to 27.9% from 26.4% in the 2001 Census.

The proportion of the labour force which was unemployed decreased from 7.4% in 2001 to 5.2%.

Occupation Australia % 2001 %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Industry of employment, top responses Australia % 2001 %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly incomes Australia % 2001 %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 466 -- 375 --
Family 1,171 -- 937 --
Household 1,027 -- 782 --

Personal income rose 24% between the 2001 and 2006 Censuses. Family income also increased during the same period from $937 to $1,171. Household income was $782 in 2001 and increased to $1,027 in 2006.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition

Families — family composition
Family composition Australia % 2001 %
Couple family without children 1,943,643 37.2 1,764,167 35.7
Couple family with children 2,362,582 45.3 2,321,165 47.0
One parent family 823,254 15.8 762,632 15.4
Other family 89,686 1.7 88,864 1.8
Total families 5,219,165 -- 4,936,828 --

About 5 million families were counted in the 2006 Census. The proportion of couples without children increased from 35.7% in 2001 to 37.2% in 2006. Couples with children continue to be the most common family type, although as a proportion of all families, this type decreased slightly to 45.3% between 2001 and 2006. There was very little change in the proportion of one parent families and other families between the Censuses.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | dwelling characteristics | household composition

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwellings include visitor only and other not-classifiable households unless otherwise stated

Dwelling type Australia % 2001 %
Occupied private dwellings 7,596,183 -- 7,072,202 --
Total dwellings (including unoccupied) 8,426,559 -- 7,790,079 --

In the 2006 Census, there were 7,596,183 occupied private dwellings counted in Australia.

Dwelling structure Australia % 2001 %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 5,685,387 74.8 5,327,309 75.3
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 702,550 9.2 632,176 8.9
Flat, unit or apartment 1,076,315 14.2 923,139 13.1
Other dwelling 127,337 1.7 134,274 1.9
Dwelling type not stated 4,594 0.1 55,304 0.8

There were 8,426,559 private dwellings counted in Australia in the 2006 Census, an increase of 8.2% since the 2001 Census. The largest proportional change was for flats, units and apartments showing an increase of 0.9% (153,176 dwellings). The reduction in the number of dwelling types not stated was a result of better field procedures during the 2006 Census.

Tenure Australia % 2001 %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 2,478,264 32.6 2,810,917 39.7
Owned with a mortgage (includes being purchased under rent/buy scheme) 2,448,205 32.2 1,872,132 26.5
Rented (includes rent-free) 2,063,947 27.2 1,858,324 26.3
Other tenure type 65,715 0.9 196,026 2.8
Tenure type not stated 540,050 7.1 334,803 4.7

Of the 7.5 million occupied private dwellings counted in the 2006 Census 65% were fully owned or being purchased, slightly lower than in 2001 (66%). This change was driven by a large decrease in the proportion of occupied private dwellings that were fully owned.

Landlord type Australia % 2001 %
Occupied private dwellings being rented (including rent-free accommodation)
Real estate agent 1,043,198 50.5 813,633 43.8
State or Territory housing authority 306,697 14.9 317,171 17.1
Other landlord type 652,012 31.6 705,122 37.9
Landlord type not stated 62,037 3.0 22,398 1.2

In the 2006 Census, just over half (50.5%) of all occupied private dwellings being rented were rented from real estate agents, an increase from 43.8% in the 2001 Census. There was a decrease in the proportion of occupied private dwellings being rented from a State or Territory housing authority and from other landlord types.

Dwellings — dwelling characteristics
Dwelling characteristics Australia % 2001 %
Median weekly rent 190 -- 145 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,300 -- 867 --
Average people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 --
Average number of people per bedroom 1.1 -- 1.1 --

Rents and mortgage repayments increased between the 2001 and 2006 Censuses. In 2006, the median weekly rent increased to $190, from $145 in 2001. The median monthly mortgage repayment increased to $1,300 in 2006, up from $867 in 2001. The average household size and the average number of people per bedroom did not change.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Australia % 2001 %
Excludes visitor only and other not classifiable households
Family households 5,122,760 67.4 4,866,031 68.8
Single (or lone) person households 1,740,481 22.9 1,616,213 22.9
Group households 280,856 3.7 262,551 3.7

In the 2006 Census, around two-thirds of all occupied private dwellings in Australia were family households. This proportion decreased slightly between 2001 and 2006. The proportion of dwellings that were occupied by lone person or group households did not change between Censuses.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 25/10/2007

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. It contains data from the 2006 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2006. Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats. For more information refer to Introduced Random Error. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

Census Data Quality.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. It contains data from the 2006 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2006. Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats. For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2006 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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